▷ Pet HEALTH care TIPS

Adequate pet health and care are essential parts of responsible pet ownership. Nevertheless, some pet owners are unaware of or overlook these fundamentals of pet health.

It is the time when people are filled with hope for new beginnings and frequently make resolutions to improve their health and well-being. But what about our furry companions? They, like us, benefit from healthy habits. Following are few steps to ensure your pet’s health throughout the year.

Regular Exams are Vital

Same as you, your pet can develop heart problems, arthritis, or toothache. The best way to avoid or catch such problems early is to visit your veterinarian annually.

Regular examinations are the single most effective method of keeping pets healthy. Annual veterinarian visits should include a discussion of nutrition and weight management and vaccinations, parasite control, dental examination, and health screenings.

Spay and Neuter Your Pets

Each year, between eight and ten million pets are surrendered to shelters in the United States. Some have become disoriented, others have been abandoned, and still, others have become homeless. Neutering and spaying your cats and dogs are an easy way to avoid adding to that number. It is a procedure that can begin as soon as six to eight weeks of age.

Spaying and neutering have several additional benefits for your pet besides reducing the number of unwanted pets. Additionally, studies show that it reduces the risk of certain cancers and the likelihood of a pet becoming lost by reducing the tendency to roam.

Prevent Parasites

Fleas have been the most common external parasite that can afflict pets, causing itchy skin, hair loss, hot spots, and infection. Additionally, fleas can introduce additional parasites into your cat or dog. It only takes one flea for your pet to contract tapeworms, the most common internal parasite affecting dogs and cats.

Preventative measures must be implemented year-round. It is critical to maintaining regular flea and intestinal parasite control and heartworm prevention in endemic areas. Because some parasite medications designed for dogs are lethal to cats, consult your veterinarian about keeping your adored pets worm- and flea-free and safe.

Maintain a Healthy Weight

Numerous canines and felines are overweight or obese. And, as with humans, obesity in pets carries health risks such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer. Overfeeding is the leading cause of obesity, and keeping our pets trim can add years to their lives.

Because pets require far fewer calories than most of us believe 185-370 calories per day for a small, inactive dog; 240-350 calories per day for a 10-pound cat, consult your veterinarian, who can make feeding recommendations based on your pet’s age, weight, and activity level.

Get Regular Vaccinations

Pets require routine vaccinations against rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, and canine hepatitis to maintain optimal health.

The frequency with which your dog or cat should be immunized is determined by their age, lifestyle, health, and risk factors, so consult your veterinarian about the vaccinations that are appropriate for your pet.

Provide an Enriched Environment

Another factor that contributes to the long-term health and welfare of your canine and feline companions is an enriching environment.

Mental stimulation is necessary for pets, including daily walks for your dog and scratching posts, toys, and window perches for your cat. This entails time spent playing with you, which not only helps keep your pet’s muscles toned and boredom at bay but also helps strengthen your bond with your four-legged companions.

Microchip and Tattoo Your Pet

Due to a lack of identification, as few as 14% of lost pets ever return home. Fortunately, microchipping and tattooing can help reunite the pet with its owner.

A small chip is inserted beneath the skin in less than a second. It is battery-free and can be scanned in seconds by a veterinarian or animal control officer.

Pets Need Dental Care

Your pet, like you, can develop gum disease, tooth loss, and tooth pain. And, similar to you, regular brushing and oral cleanings help maintain your pet’s teeth strength and health.

Pets Dental diseases are among the most prevalent preventable illnesses in pets, yet many owners never look inside their pets’ mouths. At the age of three, an estimated 80% of dogs and 70% of cats exhibit signs of dental disease, resulting in abscesses, loose teeth, and chronic pain. In addition to routine dental cleanings by your veterinarian, owners can help prevent periodontal disease by practicing proper dental hygiene. Brushing, oral rinses, and dental treats are all part of owner care.

Never Give Pets People Medication

Human medications have the potential to kill your pet. Indeed, the ASPCA listed human drugs as one of the top ten pet toxins in 2010.

While nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen are the most frequently poisoned pets, antidepressants, muscle relaxants, decongestants, and acetaminophen are just a few of the human medications that pose health risks to pets. In dogs and cats, human medications can cause kidney damage, seizures, and cardiac arrest. If you believe your pet has ingested your medication or something toxic, contact your veterinarian immediately.

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