Many families adore their pets. Unfortunately, certain diseases and ailments are prevalent in cats and dogs, and you must know what to look for to determine when a trip to the veterinarian is necessary. Our pets’ instinctive reaction is to cover up their vulnerabilities. It is up to us to pay attention, become familiar with the symptoms, and aid them in receiving the best treatment possible.
Fleas are pests that attack both dogs and cats equally. They are widespread and easy for your pet to pick up, but the best part is that they are also easily treatable. Fleas are difficult to see and even more challenging to catch, so familiarize yourself with the warning signs:
- Scratching, licking, or trying to bite at the skin
- Spots of baldness and patchy hair loss
- Dermatitis with allergy
- Flea dirt
Apart from causing discomfort to your pet, flea infestations left untreated can result in anemia, allergic reactions, and infections. Shampoos, sprays, pills, and topical liquids are all possible treatment options. Your vet can suggest the best plan of action for your companion.
It’s not pleasant or enjoyable, but it’s a reality that every pet owner must face at some point. Diarrhea is easily identifiable by its symptoms: loose, liquid, or watery stool. The first step is to ensure that your pet has access to plenty of clean freshwater, as dehydration is more likely to occur during diarrhea. Additionally, you may wish to fast for 12 to 24 hours and then reintroduce a bland meal.
If your dog or cat’s diarrhea persists longer than a day, you should consult a veterinarian to ensure it is not a sign of something more serious. Additionally, if they have a fever, lethargy, vomiting, or dark or bloody stools, take them to the veterinarian immediately. It can simply be an upset stomach, but it is always advisable to err on the side of caution.
Like diarrhea, vomiting can be caused by infection or parasites, heat stroke, poisoning, intestinal or stomach obstruction, or pancreatitis. Cats are especially prone to vomiting as a result of hairballs, diabetes, or urinary tract disease.
If you notice abdominal heaving, excessive drooling, or vomiting, it’s best to contact your veterinarian immediately, as both cats and dogs can rapidly dehydrate. Treatment will vary depending on the source of nausea and may include fluid therapy to prevent dehydration, antiemetic medications to control or stop vomiting, or a homemade special diet.
Dogs frequently develop ear infections, typically caused by bacteria, allergies, yeast, or ear mites. Head shaking, balance problems, odor or discharge, increased scratching, and swelling is signs that your dog may have an ear infection. If you see these signs, visit a vet clinic immediately so your veterinarian can accurately diagnose and suggest a treatment plan.
Even if ear infections are less common in cats, they do occur. The symptoms are mainly identical to those seen in dogs. While ear mites are frequently to blame, it is critical to bring your cat in for proper diagnosis and treatment. Infections can become chronic if left untreated, resulting in deafness or even facial paralysis.
Internal parasites such as tapeworms, roundworms, and hookworms can infect both dogs and cats. Examining your pet’s feces is the simplest way to determine if they are infected. The worms or segments of worms resemble small white rice grains or sesame seeds. Weight loss, diarrhea, or change in appetite, and scooting are more subtle symptoms to look for in your pet.
Heartworm is unique in that it rarely affects cats, and symptoms in dogs include mild persistent coughing, fatigue following moderate activity, and reluctance to exercise. Because most dogs will exhibit no symptoms during the early stages of an infestation, dewormers are the best option for heartworm.
Worms are a nuisance, but fortunately, treatment is simple and effective. Visit a pet clinic immediately for an examination and treatment.
Urinary Tract Disease
While dogs occasionally experience urinary tract problems, they are much more prevalent in our feline companions. Stress, being overweight or unfit, following a dry food diet, living in a multi-cat household, and abrupt changes in routine or environment are all common causes of this painful condition. Male cats are more susceptible than female cats due to their narrower urethras. Visit your veterinarian immediately if you observe any of these indications:
- Bloody or cloudy urine
- Decrease in the amount of urine
- Lethargy or depression
- Urinating in unusual places
- Crying while urinating
- Licking around the urinary area
- Lack of appetite
Untreated urinary problems can result in kidney failure, so call your veterinarian immediately if your cat exhibits any of these symptoms.
By observing your pet’s habits and daily routines and consulting with your vet about prevention and treatment, you can easily avoid or nip these common pet health problems.